“Green Infrastructure planning” has become a trending topic in this era of Global Warming. About 55% of our population live in the urban area. According to the UN, the percentage will increase to 68% in 2050. The percentage is above 80% in Europe and North America. This Urban population is facing Climate Change. The temperature is increasing, frequent flooding, Noise and other environmental pollution making the urban area unsuitable for inhabitants of human beings.
- What is the main problem?
- How we should adopt to this climate change?
- What should be the next steps?
- How we should implement Green Infrastructure planning?
What is green infrastructure planning?
Green Infrastructure planning is a strategically planned network of natural and semi-natural areas with other environmental features designed and managed to deliver a wide range of ecosystem services. It is a network of green and blue spaces, contributing a broad range of objectives like biodiversity, climate change adaptation, social cohesion, participation, green economy, human health, etc.
Key principles of Urban Green Infrastructure planning
There are four key principles of Urban GI planning.
- Green -grey integration
- Social Inclusion
Green Infrastructure aims to enhance the connection between different green spaces in order to increase social, ecological connectivity. UGI planning connects all the green spaces and creates new green spaces. This reduces the temperature of the urban area. Greenspace can reduce the temperature by about 10% in the town center. For more details click here.
Multi-functionality represents the ability of Urban green infrastructure to provide several ecological, socio-cultural and economic benefits. It includes the capacity and value of goods and services.
A green roof is a really good example of a multi-functionality of Green infrastructure. In the rainy season, it reduces storm runoff and cleans the water. In hot summer days, it also helps to decrease the heat effect and provide insulation of the building and providing habitat different kinds of species.
3. Green-grey integration
Green Gray integration means the coordination of green space and infrastructure. Creating a natural ecosystem that can adapt to the climate.
Seattle’s Green Stormwater Infrastructure is a prime example of green-gray integration. The natural drainage system creates multiple benefits. Project life cycle costs for Natural drainage systems are often lower than for traditional gray infrastructure. Green-grey structures soak the stormwater, slow down the flooding, cleans the water and stores the water for re-use. This type of system increases the life quality and biodiversity.
4. Social Inclusion
Planning is unfinished without social inclusion. The people of the urban area have to understand the importance of Green Infrastructure planning. Their contribution and services will make the green Infrastructure process successful. Social awareness among the citizen and their active participation increase the mobility of movement and public health.
To learn more interesting posts about Green World, please visit our website regularly. For this post, I especially want to thank Professor Dr. Stephan Pauleit. All the contents are shown here, I have learned during the course of my Land Management course at TUM.